At the beginning of the Second World War, in September 1939, a separate section was formed at No. 1 Technical Training Unit at Ambala to maintain the records of airmen, which were till then maintained by Air Headquarters, India. In Dec 1941, this section moved to Walton, Lahore. In Feb 1942 the IAF Record Section was merged with the Base Personnel Office formed at Bombay. After the war, in 1945, the Record Office was named as IAF Record Office and in 1946 moved as an independent unit to Red Hills Lake, Madras. A need was felt for the Record Office to be closer to Air Headquarters and therefore the unit was moved to New Delhi in Oct 1947. In June 1958, for better control, AFRO was merged with the Directorate of Personnel Airmen at New Delhi. At the time of merger, the expansion of the IAF was not visualised. To improve the overall efficiency of the expanded IAF, it was necessary to revert to forming a separate Record Office. Thus, the AFRO moved to its present location at Subroto Park in Aug 1966, as an independent Unit.
This Office is responsible for all aspects of personnel management of airmen and NCs(E), from the date of their entry in the Air Force till release of pensionary benefits, including family pension in required cases. In addition, efforts are made to provide assistance in providing re-employment opportunities. The personnel management aspect looked after by the Office covers a wide spectrum of activities like forecasting posting and placements, training requirements, career planning and advancement and pensions. These functions are discharged with a judicious balance between organisational requirement and individual needs being maintained at all times. It is our endeavour to place the right men in the right number, in the right place with the right proficiency and above all at the right time with due humane considerations.